Draws non-parametric bootstrap samples

# S3 method for lvm
bootstrap(x,R=100,data,fun=NULL,control=list(),
                          p, parametric=FALSE, bollenstine=FALSE,
                          constraints=TRUE,sd=FALSE,
                          ...)

# S3 method for lvmfit
bootstrap(x,R=100,data=model.frame(x),
                             control=list(start=coef(x)),
                             p=coef(x), parametric=FALSE, bollenstine=FALSE,
                             estimator=x$estimator,weights=Weights(x),...)

Arguments

x

lvm-object.

R

Number of bootstrap samples

data

The data to resample from

fun

Optional function of the (bootstrapped) model-fit defining the statistic of interest

control

Options to the optimization routine

p

Parameter vector of the null model for the parametric bootstrap

parametric

If TRUE a parametric bootstrap is calculated. If FALSE a non-parametric (row-sampling) bootstrap is computed.

bollenstine

Bollen-Stine transformation (non-parametric bootstrap) for bootstrap hypothesis testing.

constraints

Logical indicating whether non-linear parameter constraints should be included in the bootstrap procedure

sd

Logical indicating whether standard error estimates should be included in the bootstrap procedure

...

Additional arguments, e.g. choice of estimator.

estimator

String definining estimator, e.g. 'gaussian' (see estimator)

weights

Optional weights matrix used by estimator

Value

A bootstrap.lvm object.

See also

Author

Klaus K. Holst

Examples

m <- lvm(y~x) d <- sim(m,100) e <- estimate(lvm(y~x), data=d) ## Reduce Ex.Timings B <- bootstrap(e,R=50,parallel=FALSE)
#> Warning: UNRELIABLE VALUE: One of the ‘future.apply’ iterations (‘future_lapply-1’) unexpectedly generated random numbers without declaring so. There is a risk that those random numbers are not statistically sound and the overall results might be invalid. To fix this, specify 'future.seed=TRUE'. This ensures that proper, parallel-safe random numbers are produced via the L'Ecuyer-CMRG method. To disable this check, use 'future.seed = NULL', or set option 'future.rng.onMisuse' to "ignore".
B
#> Non-parametric bootstrap statistics (R=50): #> #> Estimate Bias Std.Err 2.5 % 97.5 % #> y -0.02797440 -0.02446408 0.09076098 -0.21276743 0.11109505 #> y~x 0.91271522 -0.02885440 0.06849834 0.75899923 0.99515857 #> y~~y 0.95969487 -0.01217674 0.16545588 0.67932143 1.28333411 #>